Buena (/ˈbjuːnə/ BEW-nə) is a borough in Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough’s population was 4,603, reflecting an increase of 730 (+18.8%) from the 3,873 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 568 (−12.8%) from the 4,441 counted in the 1990 Census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 7.579 square miles (19.630 km), including 7.578 square miles (19.626 km) of land and 0.001 square mile (0.003 km) of water (0.02%).
Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the borough include Landisville and Minotola, each of which had postal facilities established with those names in 1871 and 1897, respectively.
The borough borders Buena Vista Township in Atlantic County; Vineland in Cumberland County; and Franklin Township in Gloucester County.
The borough is one of 56 South Jersey municipalities that are included within the New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve, a protected natural area of unique ecology covering 1,100,000 acres (450,000 ha), that has been classified as a United States Biosphere Reserve and established by Congress in 1978 as the nation’s first National Reserve. Part of the borough is included in the state-designated Pinelands Area, which includes portions of Atlantic County, along with areas in Burlington, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester and Ocean counties.
Unexpected Road was named the seventh wackiest street name according to a 2006 poll by Car Connection website.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,603 people, 1,723 households, and 1,159.579 families residing in the borough. The population density was 607.4 per square mile (234.5/km). There were 1,855 housing units at an average density of 244.8 per square mile (94.5/km). The racial makeup of the borough was 73.50% (3,383) White, 9.43% (434) Black or African American, 0.74% (34) Native American, 1.78% (82) Asian, 0.07% (3) Pacific Islander, 11.62% (535) from other races, and 2.87% (132) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 29.42% (1,354) of the population.
There were 1,723 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 17.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the borough, the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.4 years. For every 100 females there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 88.3 males.
The Census Bureau’s 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $53,060 (with a margin of error of +/- $14,830) and the median family income was $60,398 (+/- $6,199). Males had a median income of $47,439 (+/- $6,193) versus $35,700 (+/- $8,353) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $23,044 (+/- $2,700). About 8.2% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.6% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 3,873 people, 1,454 households, and 978 families residing in the borough. The population density was 509.1 people per square mile (196.5/km). There were 1,553 housing units at an average density of 204.1 per square mile (78.8/km). The racial makeup of the borough was 77.28% White, 7.64% African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 10.53% from other races, and 3.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.65% of the population.
As of the 2000 Census, 33.5% of Buena residents were of Italian ancestry, the 22nd-highest percentage of any municipality in the United States and ninth-highest in New Jersey, among all places with more than 1,000 residents identifying their ancestry.
There were 1,454 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the borough the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $35,679, and the median income for a family was $44,352. Males had a median income of $37,985 versus $23,788 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $16,717. About 11.8% of families and 18.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.1% of those under age 18 and 14.1% of those age 65 or over.